“Short-acting benzodiazepines are generally used for patients with sleep-onset insomnia (difficulty falling asleep) without daytime anxiety. Shorter-acting drugs used to manage insomnia include estazolam (ProSom®), flurazepam (Dalmane®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®). Midazolam (Versed®), a short-acting benzodiazepine, is utilized for sedation, anxiety, and amnesia in critical care settings and prior to anesthesia. It is available in the United States as an injectable preparation and as a syrup (primarily for pediatric patients).
Benzodiazepines with a longer duration of action are utilized to treat insomnia in patients with daytime anxiety. These drugs include alprazolam (Xanax®), chlordiazepoxide (librium®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®, halazepam (Paxipam®), lorazepam (Ativan®), oxazepam (Serax®), prazepam (Centrax®), and quazepam (Doral®). Clonazepam (Klonopin®), diazepam, and clorazepate are also used as anticonvulsants.”
More information in the Prescription Drug Booklet
Depressants (Drug Enforcement Administration)
Drug Fact Sheet Overview Benzodiazepines are depressants that produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and prevent seizures. Street names …
www.dea.gov/druginfo/drug_data_sheets/Benzodiazepines.pdf – External Health Links
Depressants and Pregnancy (Organization of Teratology Information Specialists)
Benzodiazepines and Pregnancy In every pregnancy, a woman starts out with a 3-5% chance of having … risk. This sheet talks about whether exposure to benzodiazepines may increase the risk for birth defects over …
Barbiturates – Amphetamines – screen; Analgesics – screen; Antidepressants – screen; Narcotics – screen; Phenothiazines – screen; Drug abuse screen; Blood alcohol test
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003578.htm – Medical Encyclopedia
Medicines for sleep
Sedatives; Hypnotics; Sleeping pills
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/…/ency/patientinstructions/000758.htm – Medical Encyclopedia
Drug-Poisoning Deaths Involving Opioid Analgesics: the United States, 1999-2011 (National Center for Health Statistics)
… of all opioid-analgesic poisoning deaths in 2007.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db166.htm – External Health Links
Sleeping Pills for Insomnia: Which Ones Work Best? (Consumers Union of U.S.)
… as regular-strength zolpidem.
www.consumerreports.org/…/index.htm – External Health Links
Anxiety Disorders: Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
… inhibitors (MAOIs) are also used for anxiety disorders.
https://www.nlm.nih.gov/…/summer15/articles/summer15pg6-8.html – MedlinePlus Magazine
Delirium (Merck & Co., Inc.)
… may increase the risk of stroke and death. Benzodiazepines (a type of sedative—see Treatment and … due to withdrawal from a sedative or alcohol.