Thebaine, a minor content of opium, is controlled in Schedule II of the Controlled Substance Act as well as under international law. Although chemically similar to both morphine and codeine, this drug produces stimulant rather than depressant effects. This drug is not used therapeutically but is converted into a variety of substances including oxycodone, oxymorphone, nalbuphine, naloxone, naltrexone, and buprenorphine. The United States ranks first in the world in utilization.

Source: DEA

Other Sources

Drug Identification Guide

CDC Facts

CDC Addiction Info

CDC Overdose Stats

CDC Substance Treatment

Whitehouse Drug-Free Communities

Samhsa Workplace Programs


Federal Register Codification

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